Montana Hunting Seasons: Deer, Elk & Antelope


Montana has an abundance of wildlife and offers hunting enthusiasts (both residents and non-residents) the opportunity to take part in the strong hunting heritage of the state. There are over 7.8 million acres of public and private land accessible to permitted hunters and more than sixteen species with hunting seasons open each year. The Montana Fish, Wildlife, and Parks Department is committed to sustainability and conservation of wildlife to ensure that hunting will continue to be a part of Montana’s legacy for years to come.

Deer, elk, and antelope are some of the most popular big game seasons in the state. We’ve got you covered with the FWP regulations you’ll need to know about each of them before heading out to hunt.

Base Licensing Requirements

FWP requires that all hunters purchase a Conservation License & a Base Hunting License. The Conservation License is $8 for residents, $10 for non-residents. The Base Hunting License is $10 for residents, $15 for non-residents.

In addition to those base requirements, hunters need to be permitted and licensed for the species they are planning to hunt and purchase any necessary carcass tags. Hunters can apply to enter a drawing for these permits or purchase them from an authorized license provider. Restrictions apply for non-resident hunters.

Montana Deer Hunting Season

General season for deer hunting opens October 23rd and runs through November 28th. Applications for permits/licences must be purchased by April 1. License holders are eligible for one deer. B licenses for non-antlered deer can be purchased up until June 1. Drawings will take place within two weeks of applications closing and results are posted on the MyFWP portal. License fees are refunded for both residents and non-residents who don’t draw.

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Montana Elk Hunting Season

General season for elk is the same as deer season running from October 23rd through November 28th with applications for permits and licenses due by April 1. Despite the hunting seasons being open at the same time, hunters will need a separate license in order to legally hunt elk. Drawing results for elk permits are released by mid-April each year.

Montana Antelope Hunting Season

General season for Pronghorn Antelope runs from October 9th through November 14th. Antelope licenses can be harder to get your hands on, especially for non-residents due to the lower population numbers. Hunters interested in snagging a permit/license must apply by June 1.

Important Reminder: Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD)

Please remember that CWD is still prevalent among the deer, elk and moose population in much of Montana and per the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) any meat harvested from an area where there are current cases of CWD should be tested prior to consumption. There have been no reported cases of infection in humans to date but studies have shown a risk to primates that indicate it could affect humans if consumed. Following state carcass disposal guidelines can help prevent the spread of infection.

If you’re lucky enough to snag a licence for deer, elk, or antelope this year, count on Snowy Mountain Rifles to get you ready. From custom rifle builds to replacement parts, tune ups to ammunition, our talented gunsmiths have you covered. Call or stop by today.

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Ethan Smith is a seasoned marine veteran, professional blogger, witty and edgy writer, and an avid hunter. He spent a great deal of his childhood years around the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest in Arizona. Watching active hunters practise their craft initiated him into the world of hunting and rubrics of outdoor life. He also honed his writing skills by sharing his outdoor experiences with fellow schoolmates through their high school’s magazine. Further along the way, the US Marine Corps got wind of his excellent combination of skills and sought to put them into good use by employing him as a combat correspondent. He now shares his income from this prestigious job with his wife and one kid. Read more >>