12 Types of Iguanas You Should Know About (With Pictures!)

0
239
Video biggest iguana species

Iguanas are large lizards belonging to the family iguanidae and characterized by a robust elongated body, spiky scales on their backs, and a flap of skin underneath their head called a dewlap. They are native to North and South America and got their name from the Tiano word “iwana“.

There are different types of iguanas, and we will talk about some of them in this article.

Top 12 Types of Iguanas

Green iguana
Green iguana

Green Iguana

Easily the most popular iguana species, the green iguana (Iguana iguana) is commonly used as a pet in many American homes. It is in the large size range among iguanas, with adults reaching 6-7 feet in length, and can weigh as much as 20 pounds.

Lau banded iguana
Lau banded iguana

Lau Banded Iguana

A more attention-grabbing cousin of the green iguana, the Lau banded iguana (Brachylophus fasciatus) is primarily green in color with white, blue, or yellow bands. It is native to the Fiji Islands and even appears in the local currency.

Desert iguana
Desert iguana

Desert Iguana

The desert iguana (Dipsosaurus dorsalis), in so many ways, differs from its tropical cousins. Found in arid regions of North America like Mexico and the Southern US, it has adapted to its harsh habitat.

Rather than the colorful appearance of the green and Lau banded iguanas, the desert iguana comes in tan, rusty brown, gray, and black.

West Indian Rock Iguanas

Varying in size, color, and appearance, the West Indian rock iguanas can be quite a handful. They actually are a group of 9 different species. Ranging from 2-5 feet long, common colors are brown, gray, and black.

See also  How to Determine Your Effective Archery Range

They originated from the West Indies and are physically intimidating with beefy features, scaly skin, and wide jowls. Although they do not climb as much as green iguanas, they also require a large enclosure with climbing surfaces.

Rhinoceros iguana
Rhinoceros iguana

Rhinoceros Iguana

The rhinoceros iguana (Cyclura cornuta) is a species of West Indian rock iguana, but it is so distinct that it must be included in this list. Its most recognizable feature is a horn-like projection on its snout from which it gets its name. Their maximum length is five feet, and they can reach 20 pounds.

Although rhinoceros iguanas can be bred in captivity, they have unique needs, making them a long walk in the park for most pet owners.

Galapagos land iguana
Galapagos land iguana

Galapagos Land Iguana

Charles Darwin described these iguanas (Conolophus subcristatus) as “ugly animals,” and indeed, they are a sight to “unbehold”. They have neither vibrant colors nor remarkable features, preferring to bask in the sun on rocks than climb surfaces.

Their diet is primarily vegetarian, but they also eat insects like centipedes and decaying flesh.

Grand Cayman blue iguana
Grand Cayman blue iguana

Grand Cayman Blue Iguana

Weighing as much as 30 pounds and reaching 5 feet long, the blue iguana (Cyclura lewisi) is breathtaking. Their sheer size and distinct coloration sets them apart, especially the blue tint on their head, which gives them their name. When in danger or as a show of dominance, the blue coloration increases in intensity.

Spiny-tailed iguana
Spiny-tailed iguana

Spiny-Tailed Iguanas

The spiny-tailed iguana is also called ctenosaura and is one of the smallest iguana species. They can grow up to 39 inches long and are identified by the enlarged spiny scales on their tails.

See also  6.5mm Creedmoor for Black Bear Hunting? Best Ammo (Round, Load, Cartridge) for a Successful Black Bear Hunt Hunting Calibers 04 Apr, 2020 Posted By: Foundry Outdoors Is the 6.5mm Creedmoor a viable caliber/load/round/cartridge for black bear hunting? The accurate answer is “it depends”. However, the goal of this article is simply to address the question of whether the 6.5mm Creedmoor is within the ideal range of suitable calibers to harvest black bear. As with anything, the devil is in the details. To answer the question completely, we would need to evaluate the downrange distance to the black bear, the bullet type, the grain weight of the bullet, the physical condition of the firearm, the size of the black bear in question, the shot placement, the local wind conditions, the expected accuracy of the shooter, the ethics of the ideal maximum number of shots – the list goes on. [Click Here to Shop 6.5mm Creedmoor Ammo]What we can do is provide a framework to understand what average conditions might look like, and whether those are reasonably viable for a shot from the average shooter to harvest a black bear in the fewest number of shots possible, i.e., ethically. Let’s dive right in. In the question of “Is the 6.5mm Creedmoor within the ideal range of suitable calibers for black bear hunting?” our answer is: Yes, the 6.5mm Creedmoor is A GOOD CHOICE for black bear hunting, under average conditions, from a mid-range distance, with a medium grain expanding bullet, and with correct shot placement.Let’s look at those assumptions a bit closer in the following table. Assumption Value Caliber 6.5mm Creedmoor Animal Species Black Bear Muzzle Energy 2300 foot-pounds Animal Weight 340 lbs Shot Distance 150 yardsWhat is the average muzzle energy for a 6.5mm Creedmoor? In this case, we have assumed the average muzzle energy for a 6.5mm Creedmoor round is approximately 2300 foot-pounds. What is the average weight of an adult male black bear? Here we have leaned conservative by taking the average weight of a male individual of the species, since females generally weigh less and require less stopping power. In this case, the average weight of an adult male black bear is approximately 340 lbs. [Click Here to Shop 6.5mm Creedmoor Ammo]What is the distance this species is typically hunted from? Distance, of course, plays an important role in the viability of a given caliber in black bear hunting. The kinetic energy of the projectile drops dramatically the further downrange it travels primarily due to energy lost in the form of heat generated by friction against the air itself. This phenonemon is known as drag or air resistance. Thus, a caliber that is effective from 50 yards may not have enough stopping power from 200 yards. With that said, we have assumed the average hunting distance for black bear to be approximately 150 yards. What about the other assumptions? We have three other primary assumptions being made here. First, the average bullet weight is encapsulated in the average muzzle energy for the 6.5mm Creedmoor. The second important assumption is ‘slightly-suboptimal’ to ‘optimal’ shot placement. That is to say, we assume the black bear being harvested is shot directly or nearly directly in the vitals (heart and/or lungs). The third assumption is that a projectile with appropriate terminal ballistics is being used, which for hunting usually means an expanding bullet.Various calibersA common thread you may encounter in online forums is anecdote after anecdote of large animals being brought down by small caliber bullets, or small animals surviving large caliber bullets. Of course those stories exist, and they are not disputed here. A 22LR cartridge can fell a bull elephant under the right conditions, and a newborn squirrel can survive a 50 BMG round under other specific conditions. Again, the goal of this article is simply to address the question of whether 6.5mm Creedmoor is within the ideal range of suitable calibers to harvest black bear - and to this question, the response again is yes, the 6.5mm Creedmoor is A GOOD CHOICE for black bear hunting. [Click Here to Shop 6.5mm Creedmoor Ammo]This article does not serve as the final say, but simply as a starting point for beginner hunters, as well as a venue for further discussion. Please feel free to agree, disagree, and share stories from your own experience in the comments section below. Disclaimer: the information above is purely for illustrative purposes and should not be taken as permission to use a particular caliber, a statement of the legality or safety of using certain calibers, or legal advice in any way. You must read and understand your own local laws before hunting black bear to know whether your caliber of choice is a legal option.Foundry Outdoors is your trusted home for buying archery, camping, fishing, hunting, shooting sports, and outdoor gear online.We offer cheap ammo and bulk ammo deals on the most popular ammo calibers. We have a variety of deals on Rifle Ammo, Handgun Ammo, Shotgun Ammo & Rimfire Ammo, as well as ammo for target practice, plinking, hunting, or shooting competitions. Our website lists special deals on 9mm Ammo, 10mm Ammo, 45-70 Ammo, 6.5 Creedmoor ammo, 300 Blackout Ammo, 10mm Ammo, 5.56 Ammo, Underwood Ammo, Buffalo Bore Ammo and more special deals on bulk ammo.We offer a 100% Authenticity Guarantee on all products sold on our website. Please email us if you have questions about any of our product listings. Leave a commentComments have to be approved before showing up Your Name * Your Email * Your Comment * Post Comment

Common Chuckwalla

The common chuckwalla (Sauromalus ater) is native to the Sonoran and Mojave Deserts. It is a large, flat-bodied iguana that prefers to stay away from humans. They are diurnal creatures growing to 20 inches long and 2 pounds in weight.

Galapagos marine iguanas
Galapagos marine iguanas

Galapagos Marine Iguana

These iguanas (Amblyrhynchus cristatus) are unique in their amphibious lifestyle as they are the only iguanas that need water bodies to survive. They are agile swimmers found only on the Galapagos Islands and feed on seaweed. They expel the marine salt from their bodies through their nostrils.

Cuban rock iguana
Cuban rock iguana

Cuban Rock Iguana

The Cuban rock iguana (Cyclura nubila) is the second-largest lizard in the West Indies and is native to Cuba. It is a critically endangered species, and efforts are being made to save them from extinction.

Fiji Crested Iguana
Fiji Crested Iguana

Fiji Crested Iguana

In the past, the Fiji crested iguana (Brachylophus vitiensis) was found on 14 Fijian islands, but today, 98% are found on the island of Yadua dua. Their critically endangered status results from loss of habitat and predation by alien species like black rats and feral cats.

They are omnivores and prefer lofty tree tops where their emerald-green skin keeps them camouflaged.

Frequently Asked Questions

Previous articleI’ve got some summertime fishing secrets for you
Next articleThe Best Bow Setup For Elk
Ethan Smith is a seasoned marine veteran, professional blogger, witty and edgy writer, and an avid hunter. He spent a great deal of his childhood years around the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest in Arizona. Watching active hunters practise their craft initiated him into the world of hunting and rubrics of outdoor life. He also honed his writing skills by sharing his outdoor experiences with fellow schoolmates through their high school’s magazine. Further along the way, the US Marine Corps got wind of his excellent combination of skills and sought to put them into good use by employing him as a combat correspondent. He now shares his income from this prestigious job with his wife and one kid. Read more >>