Best Deer Caliber Under 200 Yards

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To achieve the best success rates, hunters always look for the best ammunition. Many cartridge types are available that kill game efficiently and humanely, but there’s always a need to find the winner. So, what’s the best deer caliber under 200 yards?

The overwhelming majority of deer is shot inside 200 yards, and caliber selection isn’t as vital as the overall bullet and cartridge from which you’ll fire. You can shoot a 6.5 Creedmoor, .270, or .380 Winchester and hit your desired spot on the target with a goodly weighted, aerodynamic slug. The perfect whitetail hunting caliber must have striking energy, minimal recoil, and accuracy.

Caliber selection influences your choice of cartridge or bullet if your prey is under 200 yards. Seeing as hunters have more options than ever for excellent deer hunting rounds, this can appear downright overwhelming. Let’s look at factors that will contribute to a successful harvest, depending on the gun you’re shooting and the type of terrain where your game is located.

Is Caliber a Critical Consideration When Choosing the Best Deer Rifle or Cartridge?

Caliber means the diameter of a bullet or slug. On the other hand, the cartridge represents the projectile, primer, casing, and powder which sum up the total of your round. As hunters, we look for the most humane shot to provide a quick kill on our targeted game animal. Unless you know it will be a deadly strike, you refrain from firing or quickly reload in readiness for a follow upshot.

That’s why you’re always looking to confine your shots to 150 yards. But distances in the field can be deceiving. There’s little room for error, and you want a hunting caliber with a Maximum Point-Blank Range or MPBR or more or less three inches for 200 yards. For it to be possible, your slug mustn’t rise above or below your line of sight from the muzzle.

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If you’re in favorable range and excellent field conditions, calibers as small as a .22 will kill your deer. The greater cross-section of a .24 caliber round makes it the all-around favorite deer killer for many hunters. As a reasonable minimum for a class 2 game, it should also deliver at least 800 ft. per pound of energy for up to 200 yards.

CwP3 Best Deer Caliber Under 200 Yards

The best deer caliber under 200 yards has loads that produce less recoil than the powerful all-around rifles in the 30-06 or .270 Winchester magnum range. Combining your cartridge load and rifle, 15 pounds or less of recoil should prove sufficient. As long as your energy is adequate, it’s your shot placement, not sheer dropping power, that’s needed for a quick kill.

What’s the Best Deer Caliber Under 200 Yards?

Yes, you dream of being the ultimate shooter armed with a high-powered rifle that drops the cents off a nickel at 400 yards. But unless you’re shooting nickels, overkill power is unnecessary for deer in less than 200-yard ranges. Modern ammunition at intermediate calibers has perfected its effectiveness by retaining velocity using sleeker projectiles that penetrate deeper.

The top choices for harvesting deer within 200 yards include;

.25-06 Remington

With weights that range from 75 to 120 grains, this is one of the top calibers for hunting deer. A muzzle velocity of 3440 fps enables the 25-06 Remington to deliver at least 2364 ft. per pound of energy at less than 200 yards. While an excellent long-range cartridge, the bullet has a diameter of 0.257 inches; it’s lightweight enough for an effective ballistic coefficient.

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.35 Remington

If hunting deer within medium ranges, use the .35 Remington, also known as 9x49mm browning, or 9mm Don Gonzalo. With its moderate recoil and medium to heavy bullet weights, this caliber provides 1921 ft. pounds with a muzzle velocity of 2080 fps. I consider it the best deer killer at 200 yards, particularly the round nose 200-grain slug.

45-70 Government

As one of the top calibers for deer hunters, the .45-70 Government’s range suitability of up to 300 yards. However, the round that delivers muzzle energy of 2355 ft. pounds has a velocity of 1880 fps for closer ranges below 200 yards. A favorite of the US Navy, this bullet’s diameter is 0.458 inches and has a powder weight of 70 grains with a lead round weighing 405 grains.

Remington 7mm-08

You can knock down deer effectively under 200 yards with the Remington 7mm-08 caliber, but it’s also effective for ranges up to 500 yards. The round delivers muzzle energy of 2542 ft. per pound with a velocity of 2860 fps at long range. Cased in the .308 Winchester, the rimless bottleneck cartridge holds a bullet with a 7.2mm or 0.284-inch diameter and weighs 100 to 195 grains.

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.243 Winchester

With this caliber, you can achieve excellent deer knockout results from within 200 to 350-yard ranges. The bullet diameter of the .243 Winchester is .243 inches suited to multiple rifle platforms. It delivers 1945 ft. pound muzzle energy with a velocity of 2960 velocity. Slug weights range from 55 to 115 grains for this cartridge, first introduced in 1955.

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.308 Winchester

As one of the most trusted calibers, the .308 is a top deer hunter for ranges within 200 yards. Initially designed as the 7.62x51mm military cartridge, this Winchester offers muzzle energy of 2648 ft. pounds while retaining a velocity of 2820 fps. The bullet has a diameter of 0.308 inches, while the rounds casing is bottleneck and rimless for semi-auto rifle versatility.

.30-60 Springfield

As a requirement of deer hunters, the .30-06 Springfield was first introduced in the US during the early 1900s. The caliber has been around, fighting in both the first and second world wars, Vietnam and Korea, but it’s also perfect for hunting deer within 200 yards. With a bullet diameter of .308 inches, this round delivers 2719 ft. pounds of muzzle energy with a velocity of 2700 fps.

Conclusion

Anything more potent than these featured cartridges isn’t the best deer caliber under 200 yards. It’s instead a prescription for shoulder hurting recoils, flinches, wrong slug placement, and wounded or lost game. You’ll have a more successful kill with moderate loads that offer ideal energy and muzzle velocity.

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Ethan Smith is a seasoned marine veteran, professional blogger, witty and edgy writer, and an avid hunter. He spent a great deal of his childhood years around the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest in Arizona. Watching active hunters practise their craft initiated him into the world of hunting and rubrics of outdoor life. He also honed his writing skills by sharing his outdoor experiences with fellow schoolmates through their high school’s magazine. Further along the way, the US Marine Corps got wind of his excellent combination of skills and sought to put them into good use by employing him as a combat correspondent. He now shares his income from this prestigious job with his wife and one kid. Read more >>