Deer Hunting

Video best choke for deer hunting

Deer Hunting Choke Tubes

Deer Hunting With Shotguns

When using shotguns for deer hunting we have two choices, either buckshot or slugs.


While there are many different sizes of buckshot I consider two sizes “00 and 000” adequate for use in deer hunting. Both sizes are found in with different pellet counts in 2 3/4 and 3 inch shells with several different velocities. Please know that all of these do not pattern the same. Unless you are one of those very lucky individuals you will have to pattern several different loads to see which works the best in your gun/choke combination. I do suggest when patterning your gun to use a large sheet of paper (minimum size of at least 3 feet square) and fire at least 10 rounds at the center aiming point. Take the number of hits in the 10 or 12 inch circle on each target and find the average to compare one load against the others. Many times I find the 9 pellet loads will give more pellets in the circle than the 15 pellet loads. You do have to shoot and compare.

I have found that as a rule extended chokes with a constriction of .030 generally gives the tightest consistent patterns. Listed below are choke tubes to fit some of our popular brands with .030 constrictions. If you want ported chokes add the letter “P” as a suffix. Note that Federal™ loads with the “Flite Control™” wads warn against their use with ported choke tubes.

Beretta and Benelli Mobil style choke PHBER12695 Benelli Crio Plus style chokes PHCRP12695 Browning Invector, Winchoke, Moss 500 style choke PHWIN12700 Browning Invector Plus style chokes PHIP12710 Rem Choke style chokes PHREM12700 Tru-Choke PH12700

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There are three different styles of slugs offered on the market today. They are the Foster style, the Brenneke style and the sabot style. The sabot requires a fully rifled barrel in order to stabilize the bullet and as such they, in my opinion are not suitable for use with choke tubes, either rifled or smooth.

The Foster style is the most common style of slug found in the U.S. and loaded by all of the major ammunition companies as a “rifled slug”. They have a hollow base and cast or swaged rifling on the circumference of the slug.

The Brenneke style is similar but has some sort of tail attached to the base of the slug to stabilize the flight.

Either of these styles is suitable for use with open constriction choke tubes such as cylinder, skeet or improved cylinder and will typically shoot 3 inch groups at 50 yards.

As with buckshot some rifled slug loads will give better accuracy than others in your specific shotgun. You have to shoot and see.

I prefer the skeet chokes (.005 constriction) with slugs. Below you will find some of our popular brands with this constriction.

Beretta and Benelli Mobil style choke PHBER12720 Benelli Crio Plus style chokes PHCRP12720 Browning Invector, Winchoke, Moss 500 style choke PHWIN12725 Browning Invector Plus style chokes PHIP12735 Rem Choke style chokes PHREM12725 Tru-Choke PH12725

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Ethan Smith is a seasoned marine veteran, professional blogger, witty and edgy writer, and an avid hunter. He spent a great deal of his childhood years around the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest in Arizona. Watching active hunters practise their craft initiated him into the world of hunting and rubrics of outdoor life. He also honed his writing skills by sharing his outdoor experiences with fellow schoolmates through their high school’s magazine. Further along the way, the US Marine Corps got wind of his excellent combination of skills and sought to put them into good use by employing him as a combat correspondent. He now shares his income from this prestigious job with his wife and one kid. Read more >>