Youth follows in our footsteps. If your teen or your younger kids want to shoot a compound bow or even go hunting, don’t stop them. Encourage them. Work with them and shape them into responsible adults with useful knowledge that they can pass on to their children one day.
There’s a lot of choice in the youth market at the moment. In this article we’re going to help you cut through straight to the best youth compound bows available without too much fuss.
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If your youth is into archery we’ve also rounded up a the best beginner recurve bows and a great selection of youth crossbows. Be sure to check out those articles!
Choosing a Youth Compound Bow
In this article we will cover the mindset, strategy, and options for purchasing a compound bow for young archers. Understand that this is a very important decision for the adult and for the child. In many cases you are purchasing a child’s first deadly weapon. First and foremost, each adult must decide when the child is ready. You must trust that they will be responsible with the safe use of the weapon and with care of it as well.
Not only are other people’s lives at stake, but this can also be a large financial investment. It is vital that you have a talk with the child and ensure they are ready for this step. You should also take them out with your compound bow and show them basic safe handling of the weapon such as pointing it downrange, never dry firing, and never walking downrange until other archers are finished.
Youth Hunter or Youth Target Shooter?
The first decision when selecting a compound bow for a child is how they will use it. If the child will only be using the bow at home for target practice or for hunting, you can get whichever style you like. However, the vast majority of archery participants are children participating at youth summer camps.
These camps often have requirements on what style of bow the child can use. It is vital that the child have the same type of bow at home. If they transfer from a compound bow at home to a recurve or long bow at camp, they will have difficulty with the adjustment.
This goes for tournaments and archery schools such as the NASP® as well. The NASP® only uses Genesis zero let-off bows these days, so they shoot more like a recurve. Many youth bows are adjustable to last a child several years, so you should consider their future use as well before selecting a style.
A Quick Youth Eye Dominance Test
The next decision is to determine the eye dominance of the child. To do this, pick a focal point on the wall such as a clock or light switch. Have the child point at the focal point with the tip of the finger on the target. Then have them close their right eye. If their finger appears to stay on the focal point, they are left eye dominant and need a left handed bow. If their finger appears to jump off of the focal point to the side, then they are right eye dominant and need a right handed bow. Unlike many other tasks, with archery eye dominance is more important than left/right hand dominance as the eye needs to look down the string through the sights and at the target.
There are other ways to test eye dominance, we’ve covered them in our guide to telling which is your dominant eye.
Sizing a Youth Bow
The next thing to consider is the size of the child. My best suggestion is to go to a professional archery shop and let them size the child for the bow. This means you will likely pay more for the bow, but at least you know you are getting one that will fit them. A bow that does not fit well can be unsafe to use and can cause bad habits in form. Your other option is to measure the child and then select a bow on your own. The draw length is the figure you will need. Have the child hold out both arms to their sides. Measure from the tip of the fingers on one hand to the tip of the fingers on the other and divide that figure by 2.5. This will give you the draw length you need to select a bow. On adjustable compound bows, there will be a range of draw lengths.
Pick a compound bow for which the child’s draw length is on the low side of the range.
This will ensure they have room to grow into the bow as their draw length increases. The height of the child will be important as well, but the only way to determine the right bow height is to try them out. Youth bows range from 31 to 41 inches, so pick one that is just slightly too tall for comfort so they can grow into it.
Choosing a Draw Weight
Draw weight is the next consideration, and again must be tested out, ideally on a real bow. For compound bows you can go with a higher draw weight as the let-off reduces the draw weight once at full draw. Recurve and long bows must be completely comfortable for the child to pull to full draw.
As a general rule children that are 50 to 70 pounds can normally handle a draw weight under 15 pounds. Children between 70 and 100 pounds can normally handle a draw weight of 15 to 25 pounds. Children between 100 and 130 pounds can handle a draw weight of up to 40 pounds, and children between 130 and 150 pounds can handle draw weight 40 to 50 pounds. This is summarized in the table below.
These are all weights that need to be tested for each individual.
Youth Bow Weight, How Heavy?
There are a few other factors to consider. The weight of the bow itself is another factor that will be different for each child. You want them to have a bow they can hold steady for at least 10 to 15 seconds at zero draw. The weights of a compound bow can vary greatly, so have them try out several specifically to focus on the strain on their straight arm.
Youth Compound Features, Camo, Cams and The Back Wall
The back wall of a compound bow is how defined or undefined the maximum draw for the bow feels. A hard back wall creates more accuracy, while a soft back wall allows for the straight arm to grow as the child gets older.
Also consider the color and pattern on the bow. You can get solid colors or a camo pattern. Camo works best for hunting, but many archers choose a solid color they like for competition target shooting.
Finally, consider the cam shape. Each cam shape will create a different amount of let-off when at full draw. Try out a few to determine which feels best for the child.
As for safety gear, there are several items to consider. Almost all archers use an arm guard on their straight arm to prevent the string from slapping their arm when released. This can do a great deal of damage to the skin.
If they aren’t using an archery release you might also need either a glove or tab on their draw hand to give them more grip and protect the skin on their fingers.
Youth Compound Bow Reviews
Bear Archery Royale Youth
Crosman Elkhorn Jr Compound Bow
Barnett Lil Banshee
Genesis Original Kit
Anything to share?
I hope this roundup was useful and led you in the direction of a quality bow for your youngster. Please let us know if we’re missing your favorite and need to add it to this review, or if there are any aspects of any of the above we’ve not covered correctly! Either leave a comment or send us some feedback!