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Have you ever wondered how many types of air rifles are out there?
Is your head spinning around with various powerplants and you don’t know which one to choose?
We got you covered.
In this post, you will get the detailed information about all types of air guns
And each type’s advantages and disadvantages so you can save time and money in the quest of searching for the best air gun on the market.
There are 5 types of air guns in the whole world.
They are spring powered, gas piston, precharged pneumatic (PCP) , variable pump and CO2 air guns.
Each type has its own unique characteristics but all of them got their names due to the way they operate.
In the spring powered air rifle (springer), there is a piston and a coiled spring inside the chamber.
The spring is compressed when you cock the gun.
When you pull the trigger, you make the spring decompressed so it causes the piston to move forward.
The piston movement makes the air compressed and the pellet is propelled out of the muzzle due to the force from pressurized air.
All of this happens in the blink of an eye.
Basically, a gas piston air gun (also called gas strut, gas ram) works the same way as the spring piston gun
But a gas ram gun has a gas-filled cylinder instead of a coiled spring.
The air in the cylinder is already compressed and you apply more pressure to it when you cock the gun.
The pressurized air is kept under tension until you release the trigger.
When that happens, the pellet is discharged out of the barrel due to propellant force of pressurized air.
The precharged pneumatic (PCP) air gun uses high-pressurized air in the chamber as the propellant force to discharge the pellet.
The pressurized air is compressed up to 3000-4000 psi by using scuba tanks or hand pumps or special pcp compressors.
When the air reaches a desired pressure level, the gun is ready to use.
Variable pump gun has a piston and a pressure cylinder in the chamber.
When you cock the gun, the air between the piston and cylinder is compressed.
It has nowhere to go and is forced into the cylinder.
The cylinder has a lock valve that lets the air in and keeps it there until you shoot.
When you pull the trigger, the pellet is propelled due to force of compressed air.
CO2 powered air gun works the same way as a PCP air gun but it uses carbon dioxide cartridges (CO2) as the power source instead of the pressurized gas.
When you pull the trigger, the compressed CO2 is released and it causes the pellet move forward inside the barrel.
Choosing the best air rifle is much easier when you know which type of air gun has what trait.
Each type has both pros and cons so at the end of the day, it all comes down to your choice and preference.