Buckwheat: A Good Summer Food Source for Deer | Deer & Deer Hunting


It’s always neat to see a well-executed plan pay off. In my case with a recent test food plot we planted for D&DH, the results came pretty darn fast. Check out the accompanying photo. That lush food plot growth was achieved in just 3-1/2 weeks, and the deer are already flocking to it.

The key component (thus far) to this food plot is quite the surprise for me. The tall, lush growth you see is none other than buckwheat, a rather unheralded forage that is included in some of today’s food plot blends. We just returned from the field this afternoon to check on the plot, and the deer have really been hammering this forage. I would estimate that nearly 40% of the tops are already nipped off. That’s OK, because buckwheat is a plant that will generate new growth all the way up until the time that it flowers and goes to seed.

I 00019 scaled Buckwheat: A Good Summer Food Source for Deer | Deer & Deer Hunting
Buckwheat is easy to grow and is a good forage option for whitetail food plots in summer and early fall. (Cuddeback photo by Dan Schmidt)

Here are some additional interesting facts on buckwheat:

•Buckwheat is a fast to germinate and mature. The plants will begin to flower in as little as three weeks (which is the case here (look closely, and you will see flowering heads in the plot).

•Buckwheat is quick to mature. The plant can produce its own seeds in as little as 10 weeks.

•Deer only moderately prefer buckwheat. That’s a good thing, because in a small plot (like mine) overgrazing would really hamper a guy’s efforts to get that food plot to fall without it being completely devoid of forage. The plants don’t become mature until they are anywhere from 2 to 4 feet tall.

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•Buckwheat is an excellent source of nutrition for whitetails. Crude protein levels range anywhere from 15 to 25%.

•It thrives in sandy soil. Lucky me, because my home county is basically nothing but sandy soils.

•It thrives in multi-level food plots. In this particular case, the buckwheat I planted was included in a blend made by Antler King. This one is called Slam Dunk, and the blend also includes forage peas, radishes and rape seed. Those three other forages grow at staggered (later) dates, which makes this plot blend a good pick for late summer, early fall and mid-fall forage options.

•It is versatile, especially in a blended plot. In my plot, those seeds can be planted anytime from late June all the way to early September in some areas. In my area of central Wisconsin, the sweet spot would be late June to mid-August.

•Once the weather turns cold and these plants are impacted by a hard killing frost or consecutive frosts, this triggers plant maturation and a dramatic molecular change occurs allowing the plants to convert their stored up starches into sugar, increasing attraction, consumption and palatability.

•Buckwheat is a great “green manure” in that it gives back a lot of soil-fixing features once it dies off and is tilled back into the soil

•Buckwheat seeds are preferred by game birds like turkey, grouse and pheasants, and deer eat them as well.